2012年6月英语四级真题与答案完整版

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2012年6月英语四级真题与答案完整版

帖子  宣传部刘琪 于 周日 十月 21, 2012 12:56 pm

作文



On Excessive Packaging

Nowadays the phenomena of over-packaging of goods are prevailing in our

society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped

in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits

put in hand-woven baskets, just to name a few.

There are several reasons of this over-packaging. The first is that a large number

of companies believe that they can attract customers’ attention and stimulate their

purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus gaining more profits. On the

other hand, quite a number of consumers mistakenly hold that the more delicate the

package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging.

From my perspective, excessive packaging has its consequences, including the loss of

precious resources as well as extra workforce on garbage disposal.

To solve the problem, it’s necessary to take the following measures. First, laws

and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging. In addition, we need to

advocate clear packaging and raise consumer’s awareness that excessive packaging

doesn’t equal to high quality.



【解析】

本次作文的话题是“过度包装”,话题不断新,考生应该都比较熟悉。写好本篇作文的

关键在于紧跟题目所列提纲:现象——原因——看法和建议,确定相应的写作结构。重点分

析产生此现象的原因有哪些,把最重要的两三点罗列下来。最后,根据分析出的原因提供相

应的建议。

范文首段开门见山,首先一句话总结如今社会上过度包装现象盛行,而后举出一些实例

补充说明。

第二段重点从公司和消费者两方面论述产生过度包装的原因。公司方面是为了吸引顾

客,刺激消费,赢取更多的利润;消费者方面是认为包装越精美,质量越好这种错误的消费

意识。

接下来作者表明自己的看法,认为过度包装会导致很多问题:稀缺资源的流失;水,能

源的过度消耗以及产生不必要的垃圾场等。

最后一段作者针对原因提出了一些解决方案。第一方面,建立法律规章制度来约束企业

的过度包装行为。第二方面,必须让消费者认识到过度包装不等同于高质量,并提倡包装物
的回收利用。



本文条理清晰,论述充分,语言使用规范得当,如:to name but a few,the first reason is

that… ,on the other hand ,in my point of view ,to solve the problem,first ,in addition

等。





Part II 快速阅读



1. D) providing good education for baby boomers.

2. D) Students’ performance declined.

3. D) They are mostly small in size.

4. D) Some large schools have split up into smaller ones.

5. C) their college-level test participation.

6. B) Their school performance was getting worse.

7. A) maintain closer relationships with their teachers.

8. Simplicity

9. different measures

10. tough subjects





Part III Listening Comprehension

短对话



Part III Listening Comprehension

Section A



Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long

conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked

about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only

once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the

four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then

mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.



11:

M: As you can see from the drawings, the kitchen has one door into the dining room,

another into the family room and a third to the outside.

W: The door into the family room isn’t big enough. Could it be made wider?

Q: What are the speakers doing?

【答案】D) Discussing a housing plan.

【解析】此题为简单的推理题。从drawing,kitchen 等关键词可知,两人正在看房间的图纸,

并讨论希望family room 能够再大点。





12,

M: I’m thinking about where to go for a bite tonight. Any suggestions, Barbara?

W: Well, how about the French restaurant near the KFC? Frankly, I’ve had enough of

our canteen food.

Q: What do we learn about the woman?

【答案】D) She is tired of the food in the canteen.

【解析】此题为推理题。从对话中可知,男子问女子对于晚上到哪里吃饭有没有任何建议。

女子回答去KFC 旁边的法国餐厅,因为她已经受够了食堂的食物。



13,

W: Hey, if you can’t enjoy the music at a sensible volume, why not use earphones?

I’m preparing for the speech contest.

M: Oh, sorry. I didn’t realize I’ve being bothering you all this time.

Q: What is the man probably doing?

【答案】C) Listening to some loud music.

【解析】此题为较为简单的推理题。从 volume ,earphone ,bother 等关键词可知该男子听音

乐时把音量调的很高,从而影响到了女子准备演讲比赛。



14,

M: Finally, I’ve got the chance to put on my new suit tonight. I hope to make a good

impression on your family.

W: Come on! It’s only a family reunion. So jeans and T-shirts are just fine.

Q: What does the woman mean?

【答案】C) The man can dress casually for the occasion.

【解析】此题为推理题。男子想穿新套装给女方家庭留下好印象,但是女子说这只是个家庭

聚会,穿牛仔裤和 T 恤就行,即穿着随意即可。



15.

M: Would you like to see those pants in brown and navy blue? These two colors are

coming in this season.

W: Oh, actually grey is my favourite color, but I prefer something made from cotton,

100% cotton I mean.

Q: What is the woman looking for?

【答案】B) Grey pants made from pure cotton.

【解析】此题为细节题。从关键词 pants,grey ,100% cotton可知,女子想要的是灰色纯棉的短裤。



16.

W: From here, the mountains look as if you could just reach out and touch them.

M: That’s why I chose this lodge. It has one of the best views in Switzerland.

Q: What is the man’s chief consideration in choosing the lodge?

【答案】C) Its location.

【解析】此题为细节题。男子说他选择这个旅馆的原因是它有着瑞士最好的视野,所以他最

在乎的是位置。



17.

M: What do I have to do to apply for a passport?

W: You need proof of citizenship, either an old passport or a birth certificate and three

photographs. Then you must complete this form and pay a fee.

Q: What is the man most probably going to do?

【答案】C) Travel overseas.

【解析】此题为推理题。男子询问女子如何申请护照,女子回答时说的出生证,照片等是申

请护照的所需用品。



18.

M: Miss, can I interest you in a pork special with serving tonight? It’s only 799, half

the usual price and it’s very tasty.

W: Oh really? I will try it.

Q: What does the man say about the dish?

【答案】A) It is a good bargain.

【解析】此题为细节题。男子在给女子推荐时说该道菜今晚的价格是平时的一般,且很好吃,

可见十分划算。



【点评】

今年的听力短对话从提问方式来看,仍旧沿袭过去惯例,考查了信息细节题、暗示题和推断

题,其中,信息细节题考查最多,例:短对话的 1、5、6、8 均为信息细节题。需要同学在

听的能够较快速的捕捉关键词,并将其组合,从而又快又准确的锁定答案。



从对话内容来看,今年的内容确实同预测的一致:日常化、生活化。短对话在包括了传统的

餐厅、旅游、职业内容的询问以外,还加入了如第 1 题的装修、第 14 题的家庭聚会、第 16

题的购物等更贴近日常生活的话题内容。



总体来说,今年的四级听力难度适中。如果有较好的细节抓取能力,完全能得到满意的分数。



长对话



Part III Listening Comprehension

Section A



Conversation 1

W:Good evening, and welcome to this week’s business world, the program for and

about business people. Tonight we have Mr. Steven Kayne, who has just taken over

and established bicycle shop. Tell us, Mr. Kayne, what made you want to run your

own store?

M: Well, I always loved racing bikes and fixing them. When I was working full-time

as a salesman for a big company, I seldom had time to enjoy my hobby. I knew then

that as soon as I had enough money to get my own business going, I’ll do it. I had my

heart set on it and I didn’t let anything stand in my way. When I went down to the

bank and got a business loan, I knew I’d love being my own boss. Now my time is my

own. I open the store when I want and leave when I want.

W: You mean you don’t keep regular hours?

M: Well, the sign on my store says the hours are ten to six, but if business is slower

than usual, I can just lock up and take off early.

W: Have you hired any employees to work with you yet?

M: Yeah, a couple of friends of mine who love biking as much as I do. They help me

out a few days a week. It’s great because we play cards or just sit around and talk

when there are no customers.

W: Thank you, Mr. Kayne. We wish you success in your new business.



Question 19-22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19.What is the woman doing?

20.What did Mr. Kayne do before he took over the bicycle shop?

21.Why did the man take over a bicycle shop?

22.What do we learn about the people working in the shop?



答案:

19. D

20. A

21. B

22. A



点评:第一篇长对话是一期访谈节目,主题是对一位自主创业人士的一次访谈,难度一般,

要拿满分应该不难。主持人问及男士是如何想到要自己创业的,自己的自行车行是否有固定

营业时间,以及是否雇佣了一些员工。男士则顺着主持人的问话,谈及了自己的创业历程,

店里的营业时间与方式等。考生在听的过程中,需要理解这些短语的意思,如 have one’s

heart on it,意思是“决心,一定要”,stand in the way,意思是“阻碍,挡道”。一般

四级考生,这些短语在平常的学习中应该是有所积累的,不是难题。



Conversation 2



W: Well, the main activities in the region were historically steel and paper processing,

I think.

M: Yes, but I’m not quite sure about the status of those industries now. Could you tell

us something about that?

W: Yes, of course. In fact, they are less significant, but steel-related manufacturing

still accounts for 44% of industrial activity. So it’s still very important. In fact, 80% of

Spain’s machine tools are from the Basque Country. As for paper processing, there’s

still a little. But it’s no longer what it once was in the region. So, is that clear?

M: Yes, thanks.

W: Now, to get back to what I was saying, there’s a lot of unemployment as well as

geographical problems in the region.

M: Sorry, Victoria. What do you mean by geographical problems?

W: Well, what I mean is the area is very hilly, mountainous in parts. So there used to

be transport problems, now though there are new train links and better roads, but it

may be that some smaller towns inland remain not very well connected, is that OK?

Does that make sense? When we talk about specific location suggestions for the

factory, we’ll see this in more detail, so we’ll come back to this question, OK?

M: OK, right.

W: So I was about to say something about the work force in the region and the level

of training and education. In general, it’s very good and improving.



Question 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. What does the woman say about the steel-related manufacturing in the region?

24. What problems hinder the region’s development?

25. What will the speakers discuss later?



答案:

23. B

24. C

25. C



点评:这篇长对话围绕该地区的主要经济活动钢铁和纸张加工产业展开。男士对该地区这两

大产业的现状不是很熟悉,所以女士为其做解答,介绍了钢铁产业在这一地区所占的重要地

位,以及阻碍这一地区发展的主要因素,如地处山区,内地的小城镇依然交通不便。接着,

二人则转向了下一个话题,即该地区的劳动力和培训与教育水平。女士这里简单地进行了一

个概括,认为整体情况不错并且在不断进步。



这篇长对话难度适中,考生可以先浏览一遍问题,推测出主题,然后带着问题去听,这样做

起来就容易多了。这里有一个生单词,可能考生在听的时候会被这样一个单词难倒,Basque

country,是指“法国西南端,西班牙北部地区”。不过这个表达不影响做题,考生即使没听

懂,也不要在这里纠结,因为浏览过题目就知道,这个不是考察点,所以要继续集中精力往

下听。这也是听力的一个技巧,带着问题去听,只抓主要信息以及与问题相关的信息,不重

要的疑难点要及时忽略。





听力短文



Part III Listening Comprehension

Section B



Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage,

you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only

once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four

choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer

Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.



Passage One

I first met Joe Gumps when we were both 9 years old, which is probably the only

reason he is one of my best friends. If I had first met Joe as a freshman in high school,

we wouldn’t even have had the chance to get to know each other. Joe is a day student,

but I am a boarding student. We haven’t been in the same classes, sports or extra

curriculum activities. Nonetheless, I spend nearly every weekend at his house, and we

talk on the phone every night. This is not to say that we would not have been

compatible if we had first met in our freshman year. Rather, we would not have been

likely to spend enough time getting to know each other, due to the lack of

immediately visible mutual interests.

In fact, to be honest, I struggle even now to think of things we have in common,

but maybe that’s what makes us enjoy each other’s company so much. When I look at

my friendship with Joe, I wonder how many people I’ve known whom I never

disliked but simply didn’t take the time to get to know. Thanks to Joe, I have realized

how little basis there is, for the social divisions that exist in every community. Since

this realization, I have begun to make an even more determined effort to find friends

in unexpected people and places.



Questions:



26. Why does the speaker say Joe Gumps become one of his best friends?

27. Where does the speaker spend most of his weekends?

28. What has the speaker learned from his friendship with Joe?



答案:

Q26: B. They had known each other since childhood

Q27: B. At Joe’s house

Q28: A. Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other.



点评:本篇短文主要讲述了作者和好朋友 Joe 之前的友谊。他们二人在 9 岁的时候就认识

了,随着时间的变化,两个人的友谊也越来越牢固。作者在文章中反思,他之所以能和Joe

有如此深厚的友谊是因为他们能够有较长的时间相处,能够充分了解彼此。而在现代社会,

人们则很少有时间去了解他人。了解到问题所在,也让作者更有决心去了解和结识更多的朋

友。

这篇文章基本上没有生僻的词汇,以叙述为主。但是其中有几个短语需要关注:day

student :走读学生;boarding student :寄宿学生;curriculum:课程;mutual:相互的;nevertheless :

然而; thanks to:多亏了….。理解了这些词,对听力的整体理解会有提升。



Passage 2

It was a bad night for Louis. His research in the neighboring town had taken

longer than he expected. It was late and he was very tired when he drove home. He

turned into his building’s parking lot, but all the spaces were full. He drove back out

onto the street looking for a parking space. The first block was full. The next block

was almost empty. Louis didn’t see a no-parking sign, but he suspected that if parking

were allowed there, most of the spaces would be filled. Then he saw a small parking

lot with two free spaces. He was so glad to see them that he didn’t even think to read

the sign by the entrance. He drove in, parked, and hurried home to go to bed. The next

morning he went back to the lot to get his car. It was gone. He ran home and

telephoned the city police to say that his car had been stolen. It took the police only a

minute to tell him what had happened. His car had been on a private lot. It had been

taken away by the police. Louis had to take a taxi to the city garage far from the

center of town. He had to pay a fee of $40 to get his car back. In addition, he got a

parking ticket --- his first one ever in Greenville.



29. Where did Louis intend to park his car when he came back from work one night?

30. What did Louis think had happened to his car the next morning?

31. Where did Louis finally get his car back?

答案:

Q29: A. In his building’s parking lot

Q30: A. It had been stolen by someone

Q31: B. In the city garage



点评:本篇文章是一本有趣的小故事。Louis很晚开车回家,发现自己小区和附近路边的停

车位都满了,所以他只能开车到隔壁的一个街区去停车。但是因为时间太晚,Louis都没有

仔细观察停车位入口旁的标识。第二天早上,Louis发现车子不见了。他以为车辆被盗所以

报警。最后才发现,自己的车停到了别人私人车位上,被警察拖走了。Louis不得不开车到

很远的地方取车,而且还交了罚单。

这篇文章也很简单,没有出现太难的生词。整个内容就是一篇简短的小故事,只要能抓住时间线索,整篇文章的结构就很清楚了。



Passage 3

Well, to pick up where we left off last time, I believe we agreed the creativity is a

mysterious idea. It's one of those things we all recognized when we see it. But we

don't really understand what it is. We seem to feel that some people are naturally

creative, but we don't know how they got that way. Is creativity a natural gift like

good looks? Or is it something that can be acquired like knowledge? Perhaps if we

analyze the creative process carefully, we might get some insight into what it is and

how it might work in our lives. The creative process has always been accepted as a

source of all important work in the arts. But we should not think the creativity play

the role only in the arts. Every major scientific discovery began with someone

imagining the world to look differently from the way others saw it. And this is what

the creativity is all about. Imagining the world in a new way, and despite what you

may believe about the limits of your own creative imaginations, we all have the

potential to imagine the world in an absolute new way.

In fact, you were born with it. It is your birth right as a human being. And what's more,

you use it every day almost every moment of your life. Your creative imagination is

what you use to make sense of your experiences. It's your creative mind to get the

meaning from the chaos of your experiences and brings order to your world.



32: What did the speaker most probably discuss last time?

33: What is a widely accepted idea about the creative process?

34: What leads to major scientific discoveries according to the speaker?

35: What does the speaker imply about the creative process?



答案:

Q32: D. The mysteriousness of creativity

Q33: A. It is the source of all artistic work

Q34: D. Creative imagination

Q35: A. It is part of everyday life



点评:本篇文章讲述了人类的创造力。大家都知道有创造力的存在,但是却不知道创造力

确切的是什么。文章中提出问题,创造力是与生俱来的还是后天习得的?最后文章得出结论,

创造力是每个人都有的。它不仅仅在艺术领域有卓越的贡献,其实在很多重要的科学发现中

也扮演了重要角色。创造力可以帮助人们从一个全新的角度认知世界,认识自我。

这篇文章生词不多,但是所谈论的内容比较抽象。而且文章的第一句话,实际上是在提

醒,这篇文章是接着前面的某个内容进行深入。pick up 在这里表示“重新开始”,第一句话

就是说,接着上次的内容继续讲。这一点是需要格外注意的。





复合式听写



Students have been complaining more and more about stolen property. Radios,

cell phones, bicycles, pocket calculators and books have all been reported stolen. Are

there enough campus police to do the job? There are 20 offices in the campus security

division. Their job is to handle crime, accidents, lost and found items, and traffic

problems on campus. More than half of their time is spent directing traffic and writing

parking tickets. Responding promptly to accidents and other emergencies is important,

but it is their smallest job. Dealing with crime takes up the rest of their time. Very

rarely did any violent crimes actually occur.

In the last five years there have been no murders, seven robberies, and about

sixty other violent attacks, most of these involving fights at parties. On the other hand,

there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public

property, which usually involves breaking windows or lights, or writing on walls. The

thefts are not the carefully planned burglaries that you see in movies. Things get

stolen when it is just easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched.

Do we really need more police? Hiring more campus police would cost money,

possibly *** our tuition go up again. A better way to solve this problem might be

for all of us to be more careful with our things.



答案:

36. calculators

37. handle

38. items

39. Responding

40. emergencies

41. rarely

42. occur

43. murders

44. there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public property

45. Things get stolen when it is easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched

46. A better way to solve this problem might be for all of us to be more careful with our things



解析:

这篇文章谈论的是校园盗窃。从校园相关话题的角度而言,复合式听写的内容非常贴近生活,

是考生所熟悉的。具体听写内容,单词仍然以一句话的主干内容为主,即名词和动词;而句

子听写的长度和停顿间隔仍与往年一致,即 18词左右,且每句间隔 1-2 句。所以,复合式

听写难度与往年持平。但是考生们应考和平时听写时,都需要特别注意细节,如名词复数的

变化, emergency 的复数emergencies ; 难词的拼写calculator (计算器)、theft (盗窃)。









Part IV阅读Section A 选词填空



47. E. domestic

48. C. communities

49. O. survive

50. H. gather

51. M. serves

52. N. surroundings

53. J. recession

54. K. reported

55. I. households

56. F. financially



这篇文章选自 Time杂志,讲述的是美国采取了一系列的食品援助行动为低收入者提供

食物,经济萧条让越来越多的人陷入温饱危机,其中甚至包括有工作的人。

文章思路比较清晰,理解起来并不难。选项中也没有易混淆的干扰项,考生只要把握

文章的主线,注意通过词性排除选项,很容易得出答案。





Part IV 深度阅读 Section B Passage One



Question 57-61



IN times of economic crisis, Americans turn to their families for support. If the Great Depression

is any guide, we may see a drop in our sky-high divorce rate. But this won’t necessarily represent

an increase in happy marriages, nor is the trend likely to last. In the long run, the Depression

weakened American families, and the current crisis will probably do the same.



We tend to think of the Depression as a time when families pulled together to survive huge job

losses. The divorce rate, which had been rising slowly since the Civil War, suddenly dropped in

1930, the year after the Depression began. By 1932, when nearly one-quarter of the work force

was unemployed, it had declined by around 25 percent from 1929. But this does not mean that

people were suddenly happier with their marriages. Rather, with incomes plummeting and

insecure jobs, unhappy couples often couldn’t afford to divorce. They feared that neither spouse

would be able to manage alone.



Today, given the job losses of the past year, fewer unhappy couples will risk starting separate

households. Furthermore, the housing market meltdown will make it more difficult for them to

finance their separations by selling their homes.



After financial disasters family members also tend to do whatever they can to help each other and

their communities. In a 1940 book, “ The Unemployed Man and His Family,” the sociologist Mirra Komarovsky described a family in which the husband initially reacted to losing his job “with

tireless search for work.” He was always active, looking for odd jobs to do.



The problem is that such an impulse is hard to sustain. Across the country, many similar families

were unable to maintain the initial boost in morale. For some, the hardships of life without steady

work eventually overwhelmed their attempts to keep their families together. The divorce rate rose

again during the rest of the decade as the recovery took hold.



Millions of American families may now be in the initial stage of their responses to the current

crisis, working together and supporting one another through the early months of unemployment.



Today’s economic slump could well generate a similar backlog of couples whose relationships

have been irreparably ruined. So it is only when the economy is healthy again that we will begin

to see just how many fractured families have been created.



57. In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to _______.

A. tear many troubled families apart

B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate

C. cause a lot of conflicts in the family

D. contribute to enduring family ties



58. In the Great Depression many unhappy couples chose to stick together because _______

A. starting a new family would be hard

B. they wanted to better protect their kids

C. living separately would be too costly

D. they expected things would turn better



59. In addition to job losses, what stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce?

A. A sense of insecurity.

B. Mounting family debts.

C. Difficulty in getting a loan.

D. Falling housing prices.



60. What will the current economic crisis eventually do to married couples?

A. It will force them to pull their efforts together.

B. It will undermine their mutual understanding.

C. It will irreparably damage their relationship.

D. It will help strengthen their emotional bonds.



61. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

A. A stable family is the best protection against poverty.

B. Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage.

C. Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships.

D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate.



【点评】:这篇文章来源于2009 年5 月的《纽约时报》,题目为 Married With Bankruptcy。这里有删减。文章分析了经济危机给夫妇带来的影响,

指出经济危机不会提高离婚率并分析了几个原因,如夫妇无法承担离婚的成本,房价下降等

等。文章最后三段指出虽然不会离婚,但夫妻的这种关系也不会维持太久,经济危机的考验

要到经济复苏时期才能显现出来。



答案:

57. B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate

58. C. living separately would be too costly

59. D. Falling housing prices.

60. C. It will irreparably damage their relationship.

61. D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate.





Part IV 阅读 Section B Passage 2



62. D) It profits by selling its user’s personal data.

63. C) They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook.

64. C) To render better service to its users.

65. B) Formulating regulations for social-networking sites.

66. C) He doesn’t want his personal data abused.



点评:

文章的主题围绕当下很受欢迎的社交网站Facebook ,揭露其将用户资料出售给广告商。而

大多数用户并未意识到这一点,因为他们并没有意识到个人资料的重要性。作者的态度和立

场非常鲜明,并表示考虑注销自己的账户。



Part V 完形填空

67. C avoid

68. B however

69. D failing

70. C stages

71. A on

72. A predicts

73. A through

74. B and

75. B sensitive

76. D experience

77. B as well as

78. C emotions

79. D to

80. A inevitable

81. D receive

82. A with

83. D quality

84. B positive

85. A memories

86. B increased



本篇完形填空选自Amherst College大学教授Catherine A. Sanderson所著的Social

Psychology 一书。主要阐述了如何处理婚姻中夫妇间的关系,比起将矛盾置于最后而爆发,

在婚姻刚刚开始时,坦率交流,更能持久地维护一段关系。面对矛盾,双方应当学会换位思

考,并且要学会主动道歉。

本篇完形填空内容并不生疏,对于考生而言,掌握其大意并不难。词汇辨析依然是考

查的重点。如72、80、81、85、86题等,考生平时一定要注意积累形式、意思相近词语之

间的区别。另外还需掌握动词与介词的搭配,以及常见连词的使用。

在平时复习中,多阅读原汁原味的外文文章,注意分析真题,注意积累以上几个方面

的知识,一定会取得好成绩。









Part VI 句子翻译



87. Those flowers looked as if they hadn't been watered for a long time( 好长时间没

有浇水了).

【点评】they 即flowers 做主语,用被动语态。一段时间应用完成时,looked 过

去式相比,后面应该过去完成时。

88. Fred bought a car last week. It is £1,000 cheaper than mine( 比我的车便宜一千英

镑).

【点评】简单的比较级,cheaper than。不需要重复 car,直接用 mine 代替my car.

89. This TV program is quite boring. We might as well listen to the music ( 不妨听听

音乐).

【点评】might as well“不妨”,原句中有might。listen to the music,听音乐。

90. He left his office in a hurry, with lights on and doors open( 灯亮着,门开着).

【点评】with 短语做伴随状语,逻辑主语和表语之间的系动词省略。

91.The famous novel is said to have been translated into multiple languages( 已经被译成多种语言).

【点评】be said to后面跟动词原型,“已经被译”,用完成时被动语态 have been

translated ,介词用into 。

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